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WEF provides cities with a pick-and-mix mobility framework

The Shared, Electric and Automated Mobility Governance Framework is a set of sustainable mobility guidelines aimed at helping cities reduce congestion and pollution.

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Illustration shows the space allocation opportunities possible when combining mobility options
Illustration shows the space allocation opportunities possible when combining mobility options

The World Economic Forum (WEF) has built a policy library and brought together a set of modelling tools to form a framework aimed at helping cities achieve their mobility goals.

 

The Shared, Electric and Automated Mobility (SEAM) Governance Framework claims to be the first set of sustainable mobility policy guidelines to help cities alleviate congestion and reduce pollution. The Forum will convene the new Global New Mobility Coalition in the autumn to tailor this policy framework to three selected pilot cities.

 

Combining options

 

WEF highlights that to address congestion and pollution, cities must use all the mobility tools available to them, starting with shared high occupancy and electric options and integrating autonomous vehicles as their development progresses.

 

It states that if these three solutions are combined, vehicle emissions could decrease by as much as 95 per cent by 2050 and could also free up as much as 90 per cent of parking space and additional road space, putting the focus back on cities instead of cars.

 

“With this framework, decision-makers do not have to start from scratch,” said Maya Ben Dror, project lead, World Economic Forum. “They can pick what is projected as impactful and feasible for their unique context and design it to maximise emissions reduction as well as societal benefits.

 

“It anticipates that some cities are more advanced in one of these three categories. But it is flexible enough that a city with no mobility policies can save valuable time and leapfrog ahead.”

 

The SEAM policy library has two dimensions: space and cost levers; and public and private action. Cost levers include tax exemptions, parking fares and central district tolls. Space-lever policies include passenger load and drop-off zones, dedicated lanes, zoning and parking.

“It anticipates that some cities are more advanced in one of these three categories. But it is flexible enough that a city with no mobility policies can save valuable time and leapfrog ahead”

The Forum further divides the policies to those that can be introduced by cities and those by the corporation responsible for the movement of many people within the city. The policy library was developed with representatives of the Centre of Competence Urban Mobility of BMW, Ford Greenfields Labs, Transport Practice at the World Bank, UC Davis and ClimateWorks.

 

"The mobility of the future is looking more and more like it will include automation, electrification and shared capacity,” said Joseph Chow, deputy director, C2SMART University Transportation Centre, New York University.

 

“As local governments grapple with ways to address challenges arising from implementing solutions, this study supported by the World Economic Forum may provide guidance and lessons learned.

 

“For example, cities like Los Angeles now employ mobility data specifications to make data interoperability possible for shared data exchanges. Such efforts may benefit from our research at NYU on privacy control for operator data-sharing, which is covered within the governance framework."

 

The Global New Mobility Coalition, comprising leading automotive companies, manufacturers, start-ups and academia, will work with cities around the world to test and iterate these policies. New frameworks will be released to reflect key learnings.

 

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